Sociology Education

University of Indonesia Education

Getting to Know the 7 Elements of Kampung Naga Culture


Kampung Naga is one of the traditional villages that is famous enough, even this village has been transformed into a tourist village that is in demand not only by the Indonesian people but also by the foreign community. Located in Neglasari Village, Salawu District, Tasikmalaya Regency with 112 identical house buildings, with 107 families and a total population of about 298 people. Kampung Naga has its own charm that cannot be denied by anyone. 

In the Field Work Lectures (KKL) carried out by Sociological Education students at the University of Indonesia Education, we were moved to find out and explore more about the various cultures owned by the Naga village community, all of which are summarized in 7 cultural elements that are recognized and agreed upon by various experts. We were invited to conduct interviews, observations and search for other secondary data that can add information. In this first series, we will discuss the knowledge system in the dragon village. 

The people of Kampung Naga have several knowledge systems of their own. When Kang Heri as one of the guides there was interviewed about where the knowledge possessed by the community in general came from, he replied "We got all that knowledge from nature, guarded and taught it from generation to generation orally". Given the unavailability of formal educational institutions in Naga village, all the knowledge possessed by the community is quite surprising. Access is quite difficult to go to school, does not necessarily make the people of Naga village so backward. 

Society has social values that are based on role models from parents to deal with various conditions and problems that occur. It is unfortunate that this social value is not present in the form of a document, but a memory that comes from oral philosophy. Some examples of the social values of Kampung Naga, such as: 

Boys are not allowed to be named Jajang, Ujang, the King's child is also not allowed to be called. Girls should not be named Nur and Neneng. 

Wednesday the 14th, there was a prohibition against working in the fields because if someone worked in the fields and got bleeding wounds, for 14 years the fields would have problems (the rice is bad and the soil is polluted). In addition, pounding rice is not allowed, including every Tuesday and Friday. 

Mothers who are pregnant when night comes and want to go to the toilet must bring real fire, such as a bamboo torch. Then, at 5 pm, the husband must be at home, even if someone orders him to cut the chicken or fish, it is not permissible to do it, if it is done, it is possible that the child will be disabled or abnormal.